Category Archives: General

ADHD – Review of Literature – Effects on Development Within Family, Education, and Social Systems

Childcare courses offers the convenience of taking coursework from work, home, a library or anywhere internet access is available. Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder according to Singh (2002) is a developmental disorder that is brain based and most often affects children. This developmental disorder can be characterized as a disorder in which affects ones self control; primary aspects include difficulty with attention, impulse control, and activity levels usually diagnosed prior to the age of 7yrs. of age (Willoughby, 2003).

There are primarily three sub-types of ADHD. Inattentive sub-type 1 is ADHD which those who manifest inattention without the presence of hyperactivity and impulsivity (Barkley, 2005). There is also ADHD sub-type 2 with symptomolgy related to hyperactivity and impulsivity (Barkley, 2005). Finally there is ADHD combined sub-type (Visser & Lesesne, 2005). For the purpose of my paper, I will utilize information that represents all subtypes in various degrees and the affects of these difficulties upon the individual, educational, family, and social development as well as issues of social justice and cultural issues for those children who suffer from this disorder.

Historically the modern symptoms of ADHD were first identified (Barkley 1996, Rafalovich 2001, & Stubbe 2001), by English physician George Still in 1902 (Neufeld & Foy, 2006). Rafalovich (2001), explains that in a series of historical events from 1917-1918 in North America that led to an encephalitis outbreak there was a dramatic increase in research of characteristics that are similar to modern day ADHD symptomology. Through out the early years of research there was even research and investigations into medical conditions which promoted swelling in certain aspects of the brain, which many believe led to impulsivity and hyperactivity (Stubbe, 2000). As research evolved so did the diagnostic criteria for the disorder; shaping identifiable factors believed to contribute to the causation of ADHD (Barkley, 2005). Physiologically, there seems to be less dopamine and nor-epinephrine within the brains of those with ADHD and four genes that regulate dopamine have been identified as ADHD causal agents; however a definite causal agent has not been confirmed (Barkley, 2005). Brain activity is considerably lower in the pre-frontal lobe regions in those with ADHD and there is also decrease in blood flow (Hans, Henricksen & Bruhn, 1984), (Barkley, 2005). According to Barkley (2005), psychological characteristics of ADHD are that it is about the “behavioral inhibition.” These children do not benefit from what may happen later based upon what they do now; which can be compared to a “time near sightedness”, (Barkley, 2005). They have difficulty identifying their past, preparing for the future, organizing, scheduling, and working independently, with social and occupational issues (Barkley, 2005). It is these difficulties when intermingled with the development of the individual that could clearly cause great difficulties especially when enrolled in formalized schooling and onward into the demands of school and adulthood.

The prevalence rates regarding the diagnosis of ADHD has been from ranges of 4 % to 18 % depending upon the community, types of populations, and areas of analysis (Visser & Lesesne, 2005). ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders with 2.5 million children with this disorder (Barkley, 2005). Estimates show (Biederman, 1996), that nearly 6 % of boys and 1.5 % of girls have ADHD (Singh, 2002). It cost nearly 3.3 billion dollars to medically treat ADHD every year in the United States (Visser & Lesesne, 2005). Currently causation factors under consistent follow up according to Barkley (2005) include;

1. Genetics

2. Premature Birth

3. Traumatic Brain Injury

4. Spine and Brain Infections

5. Early exposure to substances during pregnancy

6. Early exposure to lead

7. Less blood flow and lower brain activity

Because ADHD is a representation of physical imperfections within the brain and actually manifests a decrease of activity in the pre-frontal lobe regions; certain treatment options with amphetamines, stimulants and non-amphetamines have been utilized to increase brain activity (Barkley, 2005). The size and anomalies within the brain have been verified and examined through many technological processes such as Positron Emission Tomography and MRI scanning (Vance & Luk, 2000). Other physical abnormalities of development according to Barkley (2005), include appearances of slight deformities including; longer than average index finger, third toe that is longer than second toe, ears that are slightly lower upon the head, no earlobes or a furrowed tongue. Up to 80% of children suffering with ADHD will continue to struggle with this disorder into adolescents and as many as 50 to 60 percent will continue to struggle into adulthood (Barkley, 2005). With the affects upon a child’s school, family, and social environments a large emotional toll can be identified. Emotionally, children can feel isolated, angry, guilty, frustrated and many other emotions due to the disruption of relationships, opportunities and lack of clear decision making skills (Barkley, 2005). Many of these children can become depressed and exhibit anxiety (Barkley, 2005). Many affective behaviors include stubbornness, defiance and at times can be verbally or physically violent to others (Barkley, 2005).

According to Barkley (2005) nearly 57% of preschool children are likely to be rated as inattentive and over-reactive by their parents up to the age of four. As many as 40% according to Barkley (2005), may have these problems for up to three to six months, concerning parents and teachers. According to Lavigne, Gibbons, Christoffel, Rosenbaum and Binns (1996), however, it is estimated that 2% of preschool children truly meet the criteria for ADHD, and (Biederman, 1996), clarified that possibly 10 % of all children meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD (Singh, 2002). Barkley clearly indicates that the earlier the symptoms of ADHD appear and the length of time they last in childhood will determine the severity of its course and prognosis (Barkley, 2005). Individually there are many distressing problems for children suffering from this disorder. Some features that Barkley (2005) indicate are important to recognize as the individual child develops into school age include;

1. An emergence of high demanding ness of preschool age

2. Critical directive behavior by parents to control circumstances

3. Problems reported by preschool / formal school staff regarding child’s behavior

4. Problems with learning and reading

5. Decisions to withhold a child an educational grade

6. Excessive temper tantrums / difficulty in getting child to do chores

7. Social exclusion from activities

According to Spira & Fischel (2005), within the pre-school environment at the age of 3 yrs. old, children’s attention controls, and self control mechanisms begin developing. Increased self control and speech development continues from age 3yrs. old (Spira & Fischel, 2005). Self control processes continue to well develop through the age of 4yrs. old (Spira & Fischel, 2005). These processes work together allowing the child to maintain self-control and through 4 yrs. of age the child develops the ability to direct attention to relavent environmental stimuli (Spira & Fischel, 2005). Together, the maintaining of attention and control over responses emerges and of course is very important in identifying task’s and working functionally within the educational environment, however; these processes indicated do not emerge for those with ADHD due to the manifestation of hyper-activity and impulsivity around the age of 3 to 4 yrs. of age, and inattention manifesting near 5 to 6 yrs. of age (Spira & Fischel, 2005). As children develop into school age and adolescents, Barkley (2005) indicated that 30 to 50 percent of children will be retained one grade during their school years. According to Vance & Luk (2000), 20 to 30 percent of children with ADHD will manifest comorbidity with learning disorders; reading, arithmetic, writing or spelling. If a child is diagnosed with ADHD and Conduct Disorder the percentages increase for a co morbid learning disorder (Vance & Luk, 2000). One theoretical position (Velting & Whitehurst, 1997), is that according to Spira and Fischel, (2005) those children with ADHD do not acquire the literacy skills necessary for early reading and learning. Furthermore, it is hypothesized that the frustration due to lack of ability perpetuates acting out behaviors consistently witnessed by school staff of children with ADHD (Spira & Fischel, 2005).

As children move through adolescents it is abundantly clear that with vast developmental changes; finding ones role identity as clarified by Eric Erickson (Berger, 2006), relational dating, peer pressure, and other demands of adolescents become extraordinarily difficult with individual difficulties of impulsiveness, hyperactivity and inattentiveness (D. Moilanen CMSW, Personal Communication, January 25, 2007). According to Gordon (2006), adolescents continue to have many difficulties especially;

1. Disorganization

2. Planning long term assignments

3. Completing homework

4. Complying with parental rules.

5. Sustaining attention and focus

Because adolescents are seeking to find a competent and healthy identity, conflicts with parental and academic systems can leave an adolescent to feel diminished, angry and frustrated before the entry into adulthood (D. Moilanen CMSW, Personal Communication, January 25, 2007).

Adulthood brings new challenges and according to Jaffe, Benedictis, Segal & Segal, (2006), the following are just a few of the challenges for adults living with ADHD;

1. Managing money

2. “Zoning out in conversations”

3. Speaking without thinking

4. Procrastination

5. Becoming easily frustrated

Eric Erickson in Berger (2006) clarifies his theory of Psycho-Social Development and indicates that as early adults we want to find intimacy or we will face isolation. It seems clear that these adults due to their disability will continue to confront difficulties with their families, social relationships, and negative individual perceptions onward into adulthood. These difficulties could place them at risk to become isolated.

The individual within their family is greatly impacted by this developmental disorder. According to Barkley (2005) ADHD is 25 to 30% acquired by heredity, and if a parent has ADHD the child is 8 to 10 times more likely at acquiring the disorder. Barkley (2005) also indicated that parents at the beginning of preschool attend and manage their child fairly well, however; parents tend to lose what they feel as control over their child the further the child develops through school. Parents can feel drained, overwhelmed and exhausted; even feeling depressed, and begin blaming themselves for their child’s behavior (Barkley, 2005). Over time these difficulties can lead to perceptions by parents that may be less than positive (Maniadaki, Sonuga, Kakouros, & Karaba, 2006).

Research shows that parental perceptions within the family can clearly have implications regarding how a child is treated and the negative affects and perceptions that affect the child’s developmental stages (Maniadaki et al., 2006). According to Maniadaki et al., (2006), parental perceptions do have significant impact upon children suffering from ADHD due to the likelihood of the parents not obtaining mental health services for their children; the difficulty parents had identifying the impact the child’s behavior would have on the child’s development; and the parents inability to identify the severity of the child’s symptoms, all have dramatic affects on the child’s developmental processes. Siblings can also have negative perceptions of the child’s behavior, affecting the degree of support siblings bring to each other within a family. According to Gordon (2006), siblings can feel sorry for their sibling with ADHD or they can get angry and resentful. These reactions create dynamic challenges for any family and or individual dealing with ADHD. Other possible hindering perceptions by parents within the family system can be identified by comparing Erickson’s, Psycho Social Developmental Perspectives (Berger, 2000). According to Erickson, children from the age of 3 yrs. old to 6 yrs. of age will develop through a series of challenges to parents, taking the “initiative” or “failing,” bringing feelings of “guilt” (Berger, 2000). When the child’s challenging behavior takes place however, as Camparo, Christensen, Buhrmester & Hinshaw, (1994) states, that parents may not allow these children to have the benefit of the doubt, due to past excessive behavior under normal circumstances, and the parents may see their child as an “easy target.” According to the evidence, miscalculating the child’s natural challenging behavior could take place and disallow the child to develop in a healthy, “guilt free” way, having significant affects on their psycho-social development. Excessive amounts of guilt can produce significant amounts of anxiety and depression (Burns, 1990). These negative processes in variable degrees can clearly lead to negative affects on social and emotional processes (Burns, 1990).

Other family processes affecting ADHD and development according to Peris & Hinshaw (2003), is that core symptoms of impulse control and inattention are primarily heritable, and parental practices do not warrant significant (Barkley, 1998; Hinshaw 1994; Johnston & Mash, 2001), causation for ADHD. However, the family interaction patterns and external influences may have a significant impact on severity and the developmental course of ADHD (Peris & Hinshaw, 2003). Furthermore, evidence suggests (Barkley, 1985; Battle & Lacey, 1972; Buhrmester, Camparo, Christensen, Gonsalez, & Hinshaw, 1992; Campbell, 1973; Cunningham & Barkley, 1979; MacDonald, 1988; Mash & Johnston, 1982; Tallmadge & Barkley, 1983) that mothers of ADHD children are less affectionate. Other disturbing findings indicate that parents can be more critically demanding and parents independently report a greater tendency to blame their ADHD child for problems they actually had with their spouses; thus proving further that family systemic patterns can play a major role in the perpetuation and affects of ADHD upon child development (Camparo et al., 1994). Of course these processes clearly affect a school-age child within their families and external systems in ways which reduce a child’s self worth, confidence, and abilities to properly interact and function within their environment; proving this, Dumas & Pelletier (1999) indicated that pre-adolescents were found to have lower levels of self esteem in areas of scholastic competence, behavioral conduct, and social acceptance.

According to Barkley (2005), those with ADHD, at times do not give themselves time to evaluate their emotions objectively before a reaction, fail to separate their feelings from fact. Being able to internalize our emotions, evaluate them, and analyze them before displaying them publicly assist in self control and is difficult for those suffering from ADHD (Barkley, 2005). Those who suffer from ADHD develop a pattern of social rejection due to inappropriate interactions beginning during formalized schooling according to Barkley (2005). According to Nixon (2001), those children suffering from ADHD lack significant social skills that affect the quality of their interactions, such as; verbal & physical aggression, disruptive attempts to enter new groups, negative classroom behaviors, being quick tempered and violating the rules. Nixon (2001) presents more evidence that social cognition is clearly affected and children with ADHD can have great difficulty in making clear interpretations of their environmental interactions with others. These variables clearly lead to inhibited social contact, and a dysfunction in psycho-social development. According to Eric Erickson in Berger (2000), he clearly indicates that formalized school age children from 7 to 11 years old need to develop confidence that allow them to feel as if they have mastered “Industry” (Berger, 2000). If this stage is not mastered, they may feel inferior (Berger, 2000). How can these children who are excluded due to their ADHD manifestations of behavior, be given the chance to participate and prove themselves to resist negative aspects of “Inferiority?” As these children develop into adolescents and adults, one can hypothesize when comparing ADHD behavior and social reactions with the Erickson Psycho-Social Framework (Berger, 2000). Erickson states that adolescents attempt to find their roles in the world and if they fail, role confusion develops (Berger, 2000). Confusion for those suffering from ADHD would come easily due to their exclusion from social groups and activities (Barkley, 2005). In order for adolescents to find their role and their identity; they must interact with others and feel accepted in their participation (Berger, 2000). Further into adulthood Erickson in Berger (2000), indicates that as adult’s, individuals will seek intimacy with others or become isolated. The factor of isolation relates to the extent in which those developing fear rejection and disappointment (Berger, 2000). Unfortunately, prior social experiences of those suffering from ADHD can be littered with social rejection, feelings of disappointment and unacceptance due to impulsiveness and hyperactive behaviors (Barkley, 2005). Furthermore, (Pope, Bierman, & Mumma, 1999), these authors according to Nixon (2001), also claim that hyperactivity and the inattentive / immature nature of a child’s behavior with ADHD contributes greatly to interpersonal problems.

In regards to social justice and cultural issues; according to Bender (2006), African American children may be under represented and under diagnosed in regards to ADHD. Experts such as (Dr. Rahn Bailey, 2006) according to Bender (2006), claim that as science is pursuing new technological processes to diagnose and treat ADHD, cultures like the African American community are subjected to propaganda, suspicion due to past and current discrimination, and negative stereotyping regarding mental illness; thus forming cultural decisions to avoid diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. This cultural-lens, based upon discriminatory and fear based experiences with the dominant culture dis-allows ethical decisions to help and assist African American children (Bender, 2006). These decisions according to experts (Bailey, 2006), is contributing to high rates of African American children disproportionately over represented in remedial programs and disproportionate amounts of African American children over represented in the criminal justice system (Bender, 2006). The issues of classism and impoverishment can also be a topic of concern regarding those who suffer from ADHD. According to Visser & Lesesne, (2005), ADHD diagnosis among males was reported significantly more often in families with incomes below the poverty threshold than in families with incomes at or above the poverty threshold. Here again, poverty makes a clear and consistent statement of risk for our developing children.

In conclusion, I believe that ADHD seems to be an elusive, devastating, developmental disorder. This disorder for my self is so destructive because of its manifesting elements of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattentiveness. These variables are processes that if represented to certain degrees are perfect for destroying social, educational, emotional and individual development across the life span. Because our lives are so dependent upon not just our biological construction but also our social and environmental interaction; this disorder can be serious and detrimentally disruptive. I do however believe that new technologies are hopeful in understanding this disability in greater measures. I also have gained ideas regarding the new information regarding neuro-plastisity and the changing mind based upon therapeutic thought. I feel this may be a possible frontier of research that should be a priority in better understanding how the brain can change forms; especially the pre-frontal cortex regions.

L.J. Riley Jr. BSW, LLMSW

Reference

Barkley, R. A., (2005). Taking Charge of ADHD: The Complete Authoritative Guide for

Parents. New York: The Guilford Press.

Bender, E., (May 19, 2006). Scare tactics may deter blacks from ADHD help. Psychiatric News, 41 (10) 16. Retrieved January 20, 2007 from online.org/cgi/content/full/41/10/16.

Berger, K. S., (2001). The Developing Person: Through the Life Span. New York:

Worth Publishing.

Burns, D. D., (1999). The Feeling Good Hand Book. New York: Plume Books.

Camparo, L., Christensen, A., Buhrmester, D., & Hinshaw, S., (1994). System functioning in families with ADHD and non-ADHD sons. Personal Relationships, 1, 301-308.

Dumas, D., & Pelletier, L. (1999). Perception in hyperactive children. Maternal Child

Nursing, 24, 12-19.

Gordon, J., (2006) Ohio facts sheet; adolescents with ADHD. Retrieved January 20, 2007 from [http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5270.html].

Jaelline J., Benedictis, T., Segal, R., & Segal, J., (March 7, 2006). Adult ADD & ADHD: recognizing the symptoms and managing the effects. Retrieved on January 20, 2007 from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_add_adult_symptoms.htm.

Laigne, J.V., Gibbons, R.D., Christoffel, K.K., Arend, R., Rosenbaum, D., Binns, H., et al. (1996). Prevalence rates and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 204-214.

Maniadaki, K., Sonuga-Barke, E., Kakouros, E., & Karaba, R., (February, 21, 2006). Parental beliefs about the nature of ADHD behaviors and their relationship to referral intentions in preschool children. Journal Compilation of Blackwell Publishing. Retrieved on January 20, 2007 from http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2005.00512.x.

Neufeld, P., & Foy, M., (2006). Historical reflections on the ascendancy of ADHD
in North America. British Journal of Education Studies, 54, (4), 449-470.

Nixon, E., (2001). The social competence of children with Attention Deficit Hyper-
activity Disorder: a review of the literature. Child Psychology & Review of the
Literature, 6, (4), 172-177.

Peris, T. S., Hinshaw, S. P., (2003). Family dynamics and preadolescent girls with ADHD: the relationship between expressed emotion, ADHD symptomatology, and comorbid disruptive behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44 (8) 1177 – 1190.

Rafalovich, A. (2001). The conceptual history of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder: idiocy, imbecility, encephalitis and the child deviant, 1877-1929.
Deviant Behavior: an Interdisciplinary Journal, 22, 93-115.

Singh, I., (2002). Children and society. Center for Family Research University
of Cambridge, 16, 360-367.

Spira, E. G., Fischel, J. E., (2005). The impact of preschool inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity on social and academic development: a review. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46 (7), 755-773.

Stubbe, D. E. (2000). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder overview: historical
perspectives, current controversies, and future directions. Child and Psychiatric
Clinics of North America, 9 (3), 469-479.

Vance, A. L. A., Luk, E. S. L., (2000). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: current
progress and controversies. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34,
719-730.

Pregnancy Stages Essential Things to Take Care of When You Are in Your First Trimester

Compared to a regular multivitamin, they have more of some nutrients that you need during pre pregnancy vitamins. Pregnancy is the god’s gift to a mother. It is the onset of a new phase in your life and is the ultimate adventure having so much in store. The feeling of giving birth to a beautiful human is enough to get you all excited and cherished for the moment. You start loving your baby even before they are fully developed and that’s the ultimate beauty of pregnancy. If you have missed your period and have confirmed that you are pregnant then it’s time you start living with the lovely and not so lovely stages of your first trimester.

Pregnancy week by week is a plan that most would be moms follows to ensure safe and happy birth. It is meant to promote the well-being of the mom as well as their child. Pregnancy can be blissful if certain factors are considered right from its onset. Once you’ve missed your period, it is recommended to do the at-home pregnancy test and then visit the doctor when it confirms the pregnancy. The first trimester is considered to be the duration of pregnancy from week 2nd to week 13th.

Take a look on the list of few essentials that you need to keep in mind when you confirm pregnancy and are in your first trimester:

Take the prenatal vitamins – Prenatal vitamins are recommended by doctors for maintaining the good health of your fetus. These pills are packed with essential vitamins such as folic acid, Vitamin D, Vitamin B, Calcium, etc. to promote the healthy development of the baby. Taking these reduces the birth risk of your child.

Choose healthcare facilities and insurance – The first trimester is the time when you need to get health facilities checked off from your list. If you already have a health insurance then consider knowing what all it covers. This is also the time you find the relevant healthcare provider and make research about them.

Consult your doctor for medications – Not all drugs that you take are pregnancy safe and that’s why you need to consult your doctor for the medication. Mention all the medicine to your physician and they will provide you the list of the needed medication that is pregnancy safe.

Quit smoking and drinking – The First trimester is the time when you should quit all the bad habits including smoking and drinking. These habits can lead to miscarriage, the risk of stillbirth, and even the infant death. Cut down your smoking and drinking habits to promote the healthy development of your child.

Eat right and exercise – The First trimester is the crucial phase of pregnancy and requires to carefully follow-up with the healthy eating routine and exercise. Stop eating the hazardous food and switch to healthy and nutritious options. Also, do light exercises and breathing practices for healthy development of the fetus.

Take good rest – The First trimester involves so many changes to your body that you can find yourself being exhausted in no time. It is always a great idea to go to bed early and to take the good amount of rest in a day as a healthy practice.

Join a birth club – Out of all pregnancy stages, the first trimester is the best time to join a pregnancy club to stay informed about the changes your body is facing and what all you should do to cope up. You will get so much information from your trainer and other expecting moms when you are a part of this kind of club.

Selecting a Caterer for Your Event

Whether it is a clarified wedding reception, informal or official company party, or a tiny client gratitude reception, intending the food selection for your occasion is very vital. Corporate Catering Sydney assures the safety of food preparation before the event.

When it involves things that can make or break an occasion, couple of points are very important to think about– quality, taste and service of food and also beverages you offer.

Finding the ideal catering service for your function is an essential element in your occasion planning process. Picking specific caterer is not that simple. You require to undergo different decision making procedure prior to working with the one. Sadly, there is no standardized grading system for event caterers as well as any person can start their very own food catering organisation. An educated and also experience catering service can make your life a great deal simpler, so it needs little bit time to discover best catering business on which you can rely and also trust totally.

It is not simply the food and also drinks that the caterer will certainly make impression with. Products like linens, glassware, silverware as well as various other catering equipment are all aspects require factor to consider while choosing your caterer.

Here are some variables to take into consideration prior to employing professional food catering solutions

Budget

Before you begin searching for caterer, specify your budget. The event caterer you select is also a substantial budgetary decision and also can affect how much cash you have actually left over to spend on various other areas depending upon food prices as well as quantities. Add in the reality that catering services can vary considerably in their rates as well as the kinds of meals as well as services they use. We have a saying, “you obtain what you spend for”; so taking the cheapest alternative might not offer the best outcome.

Good food caterers will offer an itemized quotation that includes every little thing you need to make certain smooth running of occasion.

Do your research study

Pay attention to word of mouth referrals. No quantity of marketing can change an excellent recommendation from somebody you recognize and also trust. Contact the management at your events location, and also inquire to recommend caterers they have worked earlier. Arrange a sampling. Catering services who supply food for huge events ought to provide to give you with a tasting in order to gain your company for a large agreement.

Know your alternatives

Not every event caterer is excellent for every type of event. Catering services differ not just in rate yet in solutions and alternatives they provide. Good food should be matched with great service. See to it the event caterer you pick has actually the staff called for to completely service your occasion. The amount of staff you require will depend upon the size as well as nature of your occasion, so discuss your plans with the head of accommodating ensure that your demands can be met.

Responsiveness as well as Versatility to Your Requirements

Just how responsive and also interested a catering service is throughout your initial conversation. How versatile is your event caterer in offering private demands? Have they made an initiative to comprehend the needs of your guests? Can a menu be customized to your tastes as well as budget plan? If you will be having youngsters at your event or for special diets, ask if the caterer has allowances for these specific demands.

That lags the food?

Remarkably, how long a providing business remains in business is not as vital as that is behind the food. The cook’s background and experience can be more vital than the proprietor of the business. The skills, experiences and interests of the cooks behind the scenes will ultimately be reviewed the plate. Fresh is constantly best as well as they are billing you as though it were made fresh. Insist on just utilizing a catering service that uses fresh food, not frozen.

Insurance and also licensing

Make certain to check if your event caterer holds present insurance policy, wellness department as well as liquor licensing accreditation. These are necessary requirements for a wedding catering service and also without them your event may wind up costing a whole lot more than your expectancy.

With the sufficient knowledge for the above aspects and appropriate preparation, discovering the very best food caterer for your event does not require to be a challenge. Remember success of the event depends upon your option of suppliers, and the event caterer you hire will certainly be representing you at the occasion. So take your time, as well as select carefully.

Epic Characters And Storylines Were Once Concept Art Too!

‘Optimus Prime’, ‘Prince of Persia’, ‘Green Lantern’ and many more such characters that have managed to capture our imagination over the years, simply started out as Concept Art. In fact, movies such ‘Lord of the Rings’, ‘Avataar’ and ‘Planet of the Apes’ have some extensive concept art that goes into them before they can materialize onscreen. So when you see one of the Transformers “transform” in and out of their actual form, remember that they were first put onto a piece of paper, or monitor before any of the “transforming” could take place. Every feature, mood, and personality was captured at this very stage of conceptualization. The primary purpose of a concept board frames artist Sydney is to provide structure for the protection and presentation of the piece as well as to enhance its appearance.

So, what is Concept Art? Very simply put, it is a form of illustration that’s used to create a tangible, visual representation of an idea. This idea could include a design, a backdrop, a character or even a mood. In short, it is the basic look and feel of all the elements that the game, movie, animation or comic is going to present to its audience. It is the base upon which most sci-fi and fantasy movies, video games and comic books are rolled out. The idea of ‘concept art’ was first introduced in 1930 and further popularized by artists in the automobile and gaming industry.

Concept art earlier involved fine artists wielding out their paint brushes and palettes to stroke out characters and the basic environment with which they will interact. In the more evolved era, the use of software like Photoshop and Corel Painter, as well as dedicated graphics tablets has made life much easier for concept artists to put across their vision, that too within the deadlines. However, to successfully enjoy the benefits of such technology, the artist must be familiar with how paints would blend on an actual canvas.

What to Do When Pilates Isn’t Working

Often when speaking to potential new participants for my Pilates classes, I will often hear the line “My GP/Osteopath/Physiotherapist recommended I take up Pilates to help improve my back pain”. These days it is great that Pilates has a good reputation of improving participant’s lower back pain symptoms (as well as a lot of other benefits). Pilates instructor course has refined skills in improving your Pilates workout.

But what happens when Pilates doesn’t get the results that we expect?

What happens when Pilates doesn’t help our back pain, and even in some cases makes it worse?

Another line I hear a lot of the time, more so in my therapy sessions is “I have done Pilates a few times before but it didn’t help”. I also use to hear this quite regularly when I was working in a health club environment.

So why is it Pilates is not giving some of us the results that we desire?

Here are just a few potential reasons:

Is the bar too high?

If we have heard lots of success stories from friends and family about how successful Pilates has been for them or been recommended Pilates by our healthcare, we can be hopeful that Pilates will correct and resolve all our aches & pains we have been going through. However it doesn’t work like this. Remember that everyone will be different and whilst we may have similar symptoms to others, the underlying causes maybe completely different. It is also worth noting that Pilates is not a form of corrective therapy. It is an exercise system rather than an exercise class, and a lot of people have found that by completing a Pilates classes, their symptoms have improved as by product of learning the correct Pilates method. Another reason worth remembering is that people react differently to everything. For example from working in Pilates and Therapy setting for a few years, I have found some people react really well to deep tissue massage but some people react better to a MET (muscle energy technique) instead for example. My advice would be to find out what the underlying issue could potentially be and also find out what works best for you and decide on a course of action from there.

What’s happening on the inside

Let’s say for example someone attends a Pilates class in the hope of improving their lower back pain symptoms. As a Bodymaster method© practitioner, my initial thought is what’s causing the lower back pain? In the past I have seen rotations in the Pelvis, Rotations in the sacrum, A difference in leg length as being potential causes of ones back pain symptoms. Sometimes it has even been further up the body which has caused one’s lower back pain (thoracic mobility and even shoulder alignment). In a one to one therapy session, I would have the opportunity to carry out a full screening to identify any potential underlying issues. However in a small group class environment we don’t have this luxury. Now sometimes Pilates can successfully help reduce the symptoms of lower back pain and give the participant the opportunity to manage their symptoms. However if you are finding back pain (or other symptoms) are continuing despite starting Pilates, it may be a good idea to have further investigation to see which potential issues could by resulting in lower back pain symptoms, and then create a programme to try to correct the underlying issues. Ones these underlying issues have been correcting you may find your Pilates class then can become a lot more beneficial.

Method of Pilates

With the wide choices and variety of Pilates on offer these days, we are now seeing a big difference in what is delivered in classes. In my opinion, the most important element of a good Pilates class is the method rather than the choice of exercises. Let me take a moment to explain. To me what makes Pilates most beneficial is the actual method of Pilates rather than the exercises themselves. Don’t get me wrong, choosing the most correct and appropriate exercise is integral to the success of any class, however if they are not performed to the Pilates method then I find the success is very much limited. What do I mean by method? Well I am referring to the Pilates principles. These principles vary from training school to training school, class to class or book to book. Whilst these principles vary, I consider the following principles most important:

  1. Alignment
  2. Breathing
  3. Connections (Also known as centering)
  4. Concentration
  5. Relaxation
  6. Precision

Whilst I would consider these 6 to be the most important, there are others which should not be disregarded as well. I always knew these principles where important to the success of a Pilates class, however it wasn’t until I became a bodymaster method© practitioner that I really understood why these principles and the Pilates method were key. I won’t go until the full details of how these principles are beneficial, but you can read my other articles to get this information, in particular the article ‘core stability – why there is so much more to it than planks and sit ups’.

If I’m honest the method/principles of Pilates is the hardest part to get right but in my opinion it is the most beneficial when completed with the exercises. I’m sure we could all pick up a book or watch the latest online video’s for a range of different Pilates exercises, however without adhering the method the success is going to be very limited, in my opinion. I also believe there to be no such thing as a ‘Pilates exercise’ as it is the method rather than move which gives a Pilates class its name.

How big is your class?

One of the main principles listed above and what I consider to be very important ‘precision’. Why? Well to make any exercise effective (and principles for that matter) it has to be done correctly, using the correct targeted muscles and also ensuring which muscles are not intended to be used stay switched off. If an exercise is not done correctly or using the wrong muscles it will more than likely be counterproductive and could result in pain or imbalance.

What’s this got to do with the size of the class? Well getting everything correct in a class can be quite challenging, and participants will need hands on correction from the instructor, however experienced they are. Even in my small group Pilates classes, which I have a maximum of 7 people, it can be a challenge to ensure safe and effective exercise with such a small number (hence the limit of 7 people). I remember attending classes at Leisure Centres such as Virgin Active & Everyone Active, where the classes had an average of between 25-35 people, it was impossible for even the most talented instructors to ensure safety and correctness when delivering a class, because of the sheer volume of people there. One of the main reasons I have people join my classes these days are based on their previous classes being too big and being sure whether they were doing it correctly.

What’s being done in-between classes

Now this is one of biggest things which determine success in my one to one sessions. In a one to one setting I always give the participants a corrective exercise programme to be carried out, usually around twice a day for two weeks minimum. Now from experience when I use to receive any form of therapy, it can be quite challenging initially to carry out the corrective exercise programme, however it is one of the most important sections to achieve optimal results. Looking back all my participant that have carried out the corrective exercise programme in-between sessions (in a one to one setting) they have always received far more effective results, it has also reduced the amount of sessions required to achieve their desired results. Obviously this will be slightly different to classes, as in a class we are unable to carry out a biomechanics screen which can tell us which areas we need to concentrate on setting the corrective exercise programme for, however what I have found beneficial for a lot of participants, is to carry out and practice the Pilates principles in-between classes, such as breathing, alignment & connections. I won’t go into the exact details of why these will be beneficial (I have other blogs on this) but practising these skills in-between can not only help improve results but they will also help you pick up a better understanding of these principles better, therefore making your classes more beneficial and also achieving desired results quicker. Its worth remembering that there are 167 hours between classes each week (if we do one class a week), so it makes sense to practice these principles in-between as.

These are just a few things to consider to achieve the optimal results from our Pilates class. As always there can also be other factors, but these ones I would consider to be most important and effective.

Thanks for reading.

Alex

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Pilates Equipment Basics

So you want to get started on a Pilates program but don’t know what Pilates equipment you will need to get started. That’s great news and a decision you will not regret! Physio Northern Beaches helps to restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury, illness or disability.

Pilates is growing in popularity because it produces results and has been doing so for decades. Now you can even set up a home workout studio that uses Pilates equipment similar to the original Joseph Pilates designed models. And we know what kind of results he described!

Joseph and his classic Pilates Method have such a legion of followers and part of that reason is because his Pilates equipment produced results. The good news is that the huge variety in sizes of Pilates equipment has made that equipment more affordable and more size appropriate to fit into our homes instead of just a gym somewhere.

Think back about when Joseph Pilates got started with his Pilates method. During World War I, Joseph was at an English internment camp and started to test his exercises on injured soldiers. Pilates started with those patients who were immobilized and bed-bound. To get them exercising, Joseph rigged up their hospital beds with springs, creating resistance to help them regain their strength. Brilliant! It was from this experience and experiment that Joseph went on to develop the Pilates Reformer.

Fascinated with spring-based pieces of equipment, Joseph headed to New York in the 1920s. He’d spent additional time creating more spring-based pieces of equipment as well as pieces that had lots of movable bars and adjustable straps.

When he landed in New York, Joseph set out to be successful and there was no stopping him. He’d seen the success with the immobilized in England and he believed in his product and his method. Early during his time in New York, he began to work with dancers to help them gain flexibility and lengthen their muscles as well as to repair their bodies. He was fortunate enough to work with some very famous dancers who not only hungrily embraced the Pilates method but they told others about it too.

One of the hallmarks of the Pilates program is the Pilates Reformer. Like other pieces of Pilates equipment, the Reformer uses the resistance of springs in order to create effort. The Reformer is made of a sliding platform anchored at one end of its frame with springs. The user can move the platform by either pulling on ropes or pushing off from a stationary bar. So you gain the benefit of the reformed by tackling the challenge of moving the platform while keeping your balance on a moving surface. You can work the Reformer sitting or standing.

The Pilates Cadillac is another classic. This machine consists of a padded platform with a cage-like frame above it. Sounds a little medieval…I digress…The Pilates Cadillac has a variety of bars or straps connected to the frame by springs. See the theme… Joseph Pilates loved springs and believed in them for creating resistance!

Another piece of Pilates equipment is known as the Pilates Barrel. This barrel is typically made with a sturdy wood frame with a well-cushioned foam and vinyl curved form. The Barrel is a simpler piece of equipment than the Reformer or the Cadillac and is meant to be used with mat work in exercises that open the upper back to enhance flexibility and correct posture.

So just because you know what type of Pilates equipment is out there and you know that you can buy it for your home, but stop before purchasing it and think about it!

Pilates equipment should only be used in a home setting after you’ve received proper training from a certified Pilates instructor. With Pilates it is not just learning how to use the equipment but you must also learn how to breathe in accordance with Joseph Pilates methods.

There are many great Pilates videos and Pilates DVDs that you can use in between sessions in which you are learning how to use your Pilates equipment from a certified Pilates trainer.

Pilates equipment for the home is an exciting proposition. Just take the time to research the equipment and learn what you are doing before getting started. Keep working with a trainer and then enjoy the results of your workout. Celebrate the new flexibility and mobility that you will enjoy with Pilates.

For more important information on Pilates [http://www.the-pilates-zone.com] be sure to visit [http://www.the-pilates-zone.com] You’ll find advice on Pilates workouts Winsor Pilates, Pilates basics, Pilates in pregnancy and more

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Pilates Thru Pregnancy: Exercises for Healthy, Pregnant Women

Most people think of Pilates as a new form of exercise because of its recent surge of popularity in the fitness and healthcare industry. In reality, Joseph Pilates invented about 80 years ago by. The Pilates instructor course is not expensive as what you have expected.

Pilates was a sickly child with asthma. To help fight his illness and build his strength, he experimented with various mind-body disciplines and later became an accomplished skier, diver, gymnast, and boxer. While in internment during WWI in England, he taught fellow interns his concepts and exercises that he developed over 20 years of self-study and apprenticeship in yoga, Zen, and ancient Greek and Roman physical regimens. During this time, Pilates began devising the system of original floor exercises known today as “Pilates matwork”. Within a few years, he became a nurse to the many internees under care with wartime disease and physical injury. Here, he began devising exercise apparatuses to rehabilitate the patients by taking springs from the beds and rigging them to create spring resistance and “movement” for the bedridden. This “system” formed the foundation for his style of body conditioning used today.

In many ways, Pilates equipment today is not much different than it was back then. The use of spring tension, straps, supports for back, neck and shoulders are the same uses for the equipment today. The nature of the equipment is to both challenge and support the body as it learns to move more efficiently.

With the determination to help others achieve better health, Pilates opened his first studio in New York in 1926 where he used his exercise apparatuses and more than 500 movement therapy exercises to help rehabilitate athletes and dancers. For over 60 years this form of exercise was a well kept secret – but dancers, athletes, physical therapy patients and fitness enthusiasts have relied on this Pilates method to attain and stay in top physical form.

The benefit of Pilates’ movement therapy exercises for women through pregnancy and post-partum is mostly misunderstood. Simply put, Pilates is a safe and effective approach to exercise for pregnant women to assist with breathing, body alignment and to recover body shape and tone after birth.

Pilates focuses on breathing, which promotes relaxation and helps activate the transversus abdominus. The transversus abdominus is the deepest of the abdominal muscles and is responsible for supporting the lumbar spine and pelvic area at a time when ligaments are lax due to the natural hormone relaxin excreted by the body during the pregnancy and nursing stages. Lateral breathing also inherent in Pilates fitness, which improves rib cage mobility when the range of motion in the diaphragm is limited due to the high position of the baby in the third trimester.

Back pain is a common side effect of pregnancy. Unless the abdominal muscles, pelvis and spine are strengthened, problems with the back can occur. Strengthening the transversus abdominus (“abs) through guided Pilates movements will not only improve back pain and postural alignment, but will aid women during labor for a much quicker & safer delivery. Research has shown that activation of the transverses abdominus also activates the pelvic floor, keeping these muscles strong and supple for the birthing process. This can also help with any incontinence that you may experience during and after pregnancy.

The nature of movement in Pilates exercise is low impact and allows pregnant women to exercise effectively without experiencing any undue stress on the now lax joints, or an increased heart rate. Pilates also involves many stretching and toning exercises that helps to maintain hip flexibility and stamina, which is essential for well-being and preparation for childbirth. These exercises are aided and supported by Pilates apparatuses such as the reformer: a moving carriage on a bed; the wunda chair with springs to create resistance and the trapeze table to hang from. Pilates exercises also can be performed on a mat with small props such as pillows or cushions which supports the head, the magic circle, foam rollers and therabands for extra resistance.

Most exercise modifications happen during the second and third trimester due to the ever-increasing belly. All Pilates movements, at this point are best done seated up right or side lying. However, you can work supine as long as the head is elevated with pillows at 30 degrees above the heart for no longer than 5 minutes, turning to the side for a break. This ensures natural blood flow and oxygen to the A popular exercise among pregnant Pilates enthusiasts is legwork on the wunda chair. It involves sitting on a small stool with springs attached to a lever and pushing the lever down with your feet. Take note this Pilates movement provides conditioning for the legs and activation of the abdominal muscles, which stabilize the pelvis.

Remember it’s very important that your Pilates instructor is certified and has experience in working with pregnant women.

Tracey Mallet is a certified Master Pilates Instructor, certified personal trainer, fitness instructor and lifestyle / weight management counselor through the Aerobics and Fitness Association of American (AFAA). She is also a Level One certified Gyrotonic® Instructor with an award winning 3-in-1 Patented Pregnancy System that is only found at http://www.traceymallett.com

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Getting Into Shape With Pilates

As a beginner to Pilates it is necessary to learn the basic fundamental movements that form the basis for classic Pilates exercises. Understanding each position is necessary for your safety and precision to be able to progress to more advanced Pilates exercises. These are the basic movements, which develop core strength and flexibility. From these basic positions you establish torso stability, pelvic stability, engaging the abdominals, proper alignment of the spine, and an increased range of motion. Northern Beaches physio approach settles pain as fast as possible allowing exercise therapy to be far more effective.

Pilates is functional fitness, which allows for better posture and movement in your daily life. All of these fundamental Pilates movements start from a neutral position of the spine where you are lying with your back on a mat. During the fundamentals of Pilates you begin to develop a sequential breathing, which allows you to flow through each exercise. The breathing rhythm is vital to the precision of each exercise and to get an overall benefit from each movement. These fundamental exercises can be used as a warm up for more advanced Pilates or other types of exercise programs as well.

1. Imprinting- Imprinting is the best way to relax and get centered before beginning a Pilates workout or any workout for that matter. It lengthens and relaxes the spine making movement easier, allowing a flow from one position to the next. Although imprinting is relaxing, it rejuvenates the mind and relieves stress so there is nothing impeding your ability to complete your workout. To start lay on a mat on your back with your knees bent, feet flat on the floor and arms by your sides. Keep your spine neutral by allowing your back to rest comfortably with its natural curves. Now relax, your whole body. Let your weight release down towards the floor. Only use as much energy that is needed to hold up your knees in a bent position. Visualize the imprint that your body is making into the mat. Breath deeply to lengthen your spine and open up the disc space between your vertebrae. The object is to allow your body to relax evenly so the imprint of your body in the mat would be perfectly balanced. Stay in this position for 5 minutes while you continue with deep breathing.

2. Neutral Spine- Finding your neutral spine is where the three curves of your spine are in their most natural position. To do this lay on your back on a mat with your knees bent, feet flat on the floor and arms by your sides. Inhale completely, then exhale and use your abs to press your lower spine into the floor. This is called a flat back. Inhale and release your back. Exhale and pull your spine up creating an arch in the low back. Inhale and release. When you release from both the flat back and the arch your spine should go into a natural position creating a neutral spine.

3. Head Nod- The head nod lengthens and extends the spine. Many Pilates exercises incorporate this type of bending and rolling movement, therefore the head nod is essential to Pilates exercises. Begin in your neutral position on a mat. Inhale to lengthen the spine, and tilt the chin down toward your chest. Don’t allow your head to come off of the mat as you move. Exhale and return to neutral position. Inhale and tip your head back as far as you can without straining. Exhale and release to neutral position.

4. Arms Reach- This exercise challenges the body to remain in alignment while in motion. By starting in the neutral position, inhale and bring your arms up above the body with your fingers pointed at the ceiling. On the exhale bring your arms back behind your head to the floor. This stretches the muscles of the shoulders and upper back while increasing the range of motion. Inhale and bring your arms back above the body with your fingers pointed at the ceiling. Exhale and release your arms back down to your sides. Remember to control the movement of your arms and don’t let momentum or gravity control your arms.

5. Snow Angel- Along with the previous arm exercise, this exercise aims to keep the torso and spine in alignment while the arms are in motion. It also engages the muscles of the arms, shoulders, abdominals and back. While in neutral position inhale and bring your arms out from to the side of your body and up next to your ear. Exhale and return your arms back to your sides. (This motion is exactly the way your arms move when doing a snow angel.)

6. Pelvic Curl- This exercise engages the abdominals, back and leg muscles. From neutral position, inhale a deep breath. As you exhale engage the abdominal muscles and push your bellybutton down towards your spine. Press your lower back flat against the floor. Inhale and press down through your feet pushing your tailbone, hips, low back and middle back off the floor. Lift until you come to rest on your shoulders and they are in a straight line with your hips. Your abdominals and hamstrings should support you while you are holding this position. Do not arch any higher or droop any lower because it could result in injury. As you exhale, use your abdominals to control your body as you roll back down to the floor, starting with your upper back, all the way down to your tailbone. Inhale and release your spine to neutral position.

7. Knee Folds- Our legs are so important because they hold up the rest of the body. Starting from a neutral spine position, inhale and use your abdominal muscles to lift one leg off the floor, bringing your knee back towards your chest, making a deep fold in the hp. Exhale and return your foot to the floor. Remember to maintain abdominal control of the leg rather than allowing gravity to pull the foot and leg back to the ground.

8. Swan-The swan exercises prepare the back for extension exercises by engaging the abdominals for support. The swan exercise extends the body backwards rather than forwards, which expands the chest and. To begin lie face down on a mat and bend your arms underneath your shoulders and body. Contract your abdominals, which should pull your stomach up off the floor. Maintain your abdominal engagement as you inhale and press your hands on the mat to lengthen the spine. Lift your head so your upper body creates a long upward arc. Exhale as you sequentially lower your body back down to the mat- belly, ribs, chest, and shoulders. Remember to keep your abdominals engaged the whole way down.

9. Wall Roll-The wall roll stretches the spine while engaging the abs. The wall roll uses the wall as a tool to promote proper posture. Find a wall that you can stand next to. Stand straight up with your back against the wall. While leaving your back against the wall move your feet 6-10 inches out in front of you away from the wall. Contract your abdominals and raise your arms straight up over your head. Keep your arms parallel to your ears. Slowly begin to roll your body down starting with your head then neck, each part of your body rolling sequentially away from the wall. Roll down as far as you can without your hips leaving the wall. Keep your head and neck relaxed. Begin to return you body upward the same way you rolled down, returning on portion of the body to the wall at a time. Really using your lower abdominals to pull your body upward. Keep your arms by your ears the same way they were on the roll down.

Graduated with a BA in exercise science and have worked in the medical field since. My focus is alternative medicine however all aspects of health interest me. Check out my health website!

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Avoiding The Tourists While Exploring Somewhere New

Do you plan to take a vacation?

Don’t bring a lot of valuables with you. The initial picture of Canada ski packages conjured in anybody’s head is likely to be one of vast mountain ranges with snow capped peaks.

Create a list for your trip!

Be flexible when considering your destination.While it may be fun to revisit your favorite spots, checking out new places is part of the fun of going on a trip. You can also pick another location to save some money by picking an alternate destination.

Do your research before making a booking. Look at different websites that have user reviews about the places you are interested in visiting. Ask your friends or family if they have been there before. This will help you a better idea of what to expect from your trip.

Take some clothespins when you travel. They can be a useful item when you go on a trip, and since they are small they take up hardly any room.

Taking a trip can often make you to want to bring pieces of your home along for the vacation.Limit yourself to the toiletries that are essential toiletry products. Make yourself a list of the things you generally use daily and are truly needed. Pack only the ones which are really necessary.

A luggage tag on the exterior of luggage can easily be ripped off in transit.

You could be covered if a flight is canceled. You should do your research a bit before leaving.

Join travel forums and social websites that are travel-centric. A great way to prepare for any trip is to talk to others who enjoy traveling. This will put you in a group of people who share experiences to avoid making their mistakes or missing some great spots on your own trip.

Sleeping pills or tranquilizers can help you through a red-eye flight. It can be very hard to get sleep on a plane with all the noise, given the cramped seating, and the uncomfortable seats.Try a sleeping pills to make your flight go by more quickly. Don’t have the pill before the plane takes off, as there may be a delay or problem that requires a return.

Find out as soon as possible whether you need a visa to enter the country you are travelling to. Sometimes the wheels of bureaucracy turn slowly, so it is always a good idea to begin the process of applying for one as soon as you can.

Jet lag is a common complaint for travelers who cross time zones. You can’t completely avoid jet lag, so you should try and sleep as much as possible before you leave. You should also make an effort to sleep during the flight if possible.

You can’t really lose something written on the mirror using a dry-erase marker because it’s hard to overlook.You can use dry-erase markers and easily wipe off of mirrors with just a little bit of tissue paper.

If you want to quickly adjust to another time zone, don’t allow yourself to fall asleep until nighttime locally. Though you may be tired, succumbing to sleep earlier than you should may end up making your jet lag worse because you have not allowed your body to recalibrate.

Bring along an extra passport photo along on your trip. It takes quite awhile to replace a lost passport. You can speed up the process swifter by having an extra passport photo available. You should also carry any other documentation you get going again.

Airports are normally extremely busy, so one plane delay creates a chain reaction throughout the day. The first flight in the morning should have very limited with delays.

Try to get a hotel room on a high floor. You should also avoid staying in rooms with sliding doors whenever possible. Rooms with these are much easier to get into.

You can travel via bus to save on baggage fees.While buses have much small fees for larger and heavier bags, it won’t be as much as if you were at the airport. You can also bring large items without paying a large fee.

There is going to be a lot of temptation when you are on the road, especially when it comes to business purposes. Instead of eating at a buffet, take advantage of the hotel gym that you will have access to. This keeps you in shape and keep you energized while on your trip.

When traveling with dogs, brush them well before you put them in the car. This will help reduce the dander that flies around.

Split your valuables amongst multiple places. Avoid keeping all your important documents and valuables in one bag or suitcase. Put your credit cards, tickets, cash, credit cards in ticket in various pieces of luggage. If anything is stolen or lost, your other items will still be with you.

Don’t take too many clothes when packing for your trip.You should easily able to put away a week of clothing to travel with. If you are going to be gone over a week, plan to do laundry instead of packing more clothing.

TSA is sure to be suspicious of your gift and take the wrapping job. Instead, pack sheets of wrapping paper, or purchase it when you arrive.

Always stay safe when traveling. Know your surroundings and the hotel about areas in which you are staying in. There are bad areas in all countries that you should steer clear of.

Bring food if you are going on a flight. Your flight will seem much longer if you have nothing to eat. Just avoid bringing along liquid snacks to a prevent any issues do not arise. You will feel better if you have some snacks with you.

Now, you are better equipped to make travel plans than you were before. A shrewd traveler can help you have a better travel experience, and help better that of your companions. Know-how and advance planning will create the trip you always wanted.

The Best Ways To Design A Top-Notch Web Site

Designing your own website can be very daunting, and yet just a bit scary too! This is especially true if you are a novice at it. Read the tips presented here to find out how easy it can really be to design your site. Construction logo maker can be a formal or casual design but should immediately identify the business specialty.

Be mindful of the background on your website. Some sites include complex or patterned GIF backgrounds that can make text hard to read, while other websites have backgrounds that contain elements that annoy visitors such as gif animations. Choose a background which complements your website, and that goes well with the rest of your design.

It has several useful benefits, but it can be problematic for some visitors. The web browsing softwares out there differ greatly, and they are updated frequently. Not all visitors have the most current version of his browser. These things prevent users from making use of your site.

Keep your site simple. People who are shopping around decide quickly whether to use your site just by viewing the front page. Be descriptive, but be concise.

It is important to always make users needs of your web visitors. The web designer must know what the end user’s needs at all times.This includes user experience, usability, usability, and experience of the user. These are primary considerations you must take into account. Always look at things through the design from the vistor’s perspective.

Navigation link placement is very important for any site and ensures visitors stay on your site. You must provide the user with easy to navigate so that your visitors will enjoy it.

You are better off keeping the graphics to the normal GIFs and JPEGs for graphics. PNG and BMP files take up a lot of bandwidth. Convert to smaller sizes to make visitors have a great user experience at your website.

Always use fonts that area crisp and easy to read. You can tell if a site looks professional just by viewing their fonts. If a visitor doesn’t have a font on his computer, a default font will be substituted. This can make your website look bad.

Always check for broken hyperlinks.The best time to do this check is well before you FTP the page and take it live. This is important, as visitors who click on your links expecting useful information, and if that happens a lot on your website, will leave your site in disgust.

Adobe Dreamweaver is a great for those that wish to create a website. Even amateurs can quickly get the hang of using this product.

Begin by making smaller websites, and how to improve upon both. Begin with a few basic pages, and check out how well you do with that.

Limit your starting content you start out with on a page to small amounts when first start out. You don’t want information that will overwhelm you and confuse visitors when they arrive on your page.

Use a basic layout to get the hang of designing a web design foundation on which to build.

Do not come across as a specific path which takes their choices from them. This means no surveys or offers into their window that are required to continue.

Keep in mind that a website does not have to be all designed by you.Web design requires knowledge of many different areas including graphic design, user interface design, creating content, search engine optimization and content creation. You should never feel embarrassed asking for help when you aren’t an expert in all of them. You can pick and choose which areas you need help in any area you’re not well-versed with.

Try using time wisely when you are designing your website. If you procrastinate, all these tasks can pile up and overwhelm you.

The web design process doesn’t stop once your new website. Be ready to stay active with your website on an ongoing basis. You don’t have to update every day, but it’s critical to update the site regularly. This is especially true if you host videos or work with current events. Updating a website is quite different than updating a blog. You need to implement a lot of work into it.

A visual sitemap should be made so that you with advanced planning. A visual sitemap enables you to precisely watch over the development of your site is evolving. This will allow you to hone in on anything that needs some tinkering, or need other improvements at a glance. There is no substitute for a clear visual of your project.

Make sure your interface tools are simple for users to understand. If you do small things across your pages to remain consistent, people will stay on your site longer and return again and again.

Make sure you use of a descriptive title for your site. You will find that this mistake is made. It is imperative that you name every one of your websites. Search engines use this as part of their algorithms when it comes to search engine optimization algorithms.

Avoid placing dark text on a dark background. It becomes much harder for the eyes to focus and read because of webpages. Avoid using complicated patterns on your background as background. This can make some text appear to blend into the pattern.

If your website is for commercial purposes, free web hosting providers are not your best bet. You don’t want tons of ads to detract focus away from the services and products you are offering. You will fare better with a paid hosting service.

Ask a potential web design company for references.

A web designer’s work can be made easier when they compile a collection of cheat sheets that can be referred to for example code, that you can check out any time questions or problems arise about your site. These lists can also useful in learning how to make your site.

Web design makes for a great way to promote and reach your niche market. If you do this right, you will be a stronger promotions professional. Use these guidelines as soon as possible, and you will notice remarkable improvements.