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Pregnancy Stages Essential Things to Take Care of When You Are in Your First Trimester

Compared to a regular multivitamin, they have more of some nutrients that you need during pre pregnancy vitamins. Pregnancy is the god’s gift to a mother. It is the onset of a new phase in your life and is the ultimate adventure having so much in store. The feeling of giving birth to a beautiful human is enough to get you all excited and cherished for the moment. You start loving your baby even before they are fully developed and that’s the ultimate beauty of pregnancy. If you have missed your period and have confirmed that you are pregnant then it’s time you start living with the lovely and not so lovely stages of your first trimester.

Pregnancy week by week is a plan that most would be moms follows to ensure safe and happy birth. It is meant to promote the well-being of the mom as well as their child. Pregnancy can be blissful if certain factors are considered right from its onset. Once you’ve missed your period, it is recommended to do the at-home pregnancy test and then visit the doctor when it confirms the pregnancy. The first trimester is considered to be the duration of pregnancy from week 2nd to week 13th.

Take a look on the list of few essentials that you need to keep in mind when you confirm pregnancy and are in your first trimester:

Take the prenatal vitamins – Prenatal vitamins are recommended by doctors for maintaining the good health of your fetus. These pills are packed with essential vitamins such as folic acid, Vitamin D, Vitamin B, Calcium, etc. to promote the healthy development of the baby. Taking these reduces the birth risk of your child.

Choose healthcare facilities and insurance – The first trimester is the time when you need to get health facilities checked off from your list. If you already have a health insurance then consider knowing what all it covers. This is also the time you find the relevant healthcare provider and make research about them.

Consult your doctor for medications – Not all drugs that you take are pregnancy safe and that’s why you need to consult your doctor for the medication. Mention all the medicine to your physician and they will provide you the list of the needed medication that is pregnancy safe.

Quit smoking and drinking – The First trimester is the time when you should quit all the bad habits including smoking and drinking. These habits can lead to miscarriage, the risk of stillbirth, and even the infant death. Cut down your smoking and drinking habits to promote the healthy development of your child.

Eat right and exercise – The First trimester is the crucial phase of pregnancy and requires to carefully follow-up with the healthy eating routine and exercise. Stop eating the hazardous food and switch to healthy and nutritious options. Also, do light exercises and breathing practices for healthy development of the fetus.

Take good rest – The First trimester involves so many changes to your body that you can find yourself being exhausted in no time. It is always a great idea to go to bed early and to take the good amount of rest in a day as a healthy practice.

Join a birth club – Out of all pregnancy stages, the first trimester is the best time to join a pregnancy club to stay informed about the changes your body is facing and what all you should do to cope up. You will get so much information from your trainer and other expecting moms when you are a part of this kind of club.

Renewing Your Life Through Aerobic Exercise

One of the most effective ways to lose weight and tone up, aerobic exercise has made a name for itself as that physical activity that will not only make you feel good but also better the quality of your life. Pilates teacher training Sydney has a way to lose weight.

Understanding Aerobic Exercise

This kind of exercise involves light to moderate intensity activities – the science behind it is to increase metabolism to burn off fat and build muscle. Aerobic exercise is the best form of cardiovascular workouts and the intensity of the exercise should be between 60% to 85% of the maximum heart rate for it to be effective in its purpose.

Types

Aerobic exercise can be classified into three major types: indoor, outdoor and both. Simple actions like stair climbing, elliptical training, indoor rowing, stairmaster, jogging, treadmill and such come under indoor aerobics while walking, running, cycling, skating, skiing and rowing come under outdoor aerobics. Activities like swimming, kickboxing, skipping and circuit training can be classified under both.

Benefits of Aerobic Exercise

Not only does aerobics help strengthen your heart muscle for a long and healthy life but also induces weight loss and betters your mental health as well. People who perform aerobics are also said to be more resistant to diseases because of a strong immune system and greater resistance to fatigue. Ultimately, aerobic exercise helps you sleep better at night and keeps you fit and ready to go.

How to choose an aerobics program?

You can pick a program that suits you and your needs best: for example if you love dancing you can join a zumba class that will teach you how to dance away those pounds. For pregnant women, there are prenatal classes which not only help with physical and mental well-being but also strengthen the mother and prepare her for the arrival of the baby. If you like lifting a little weight, then try aerobics with weights that lets you mix things up a bit. There is a kind of aerobic exercise for everyone, all you need to do is find out what you like.

Things to Remember

If you decide to shape up with aerobics, you need to remember to be consistent in your activities for it to be effective. You must also increase the intensity of the activity as you go along to ensure that the body does not get used to it and stop burning fat. You must also keep in mind that the time taken to do the activity must start increasing on a regular basis according to your capacity and a proper diet must be followed without binge eating and unhealthy food habits. Last but not the least, it is important to enjoy the activity to ensure that you will keep at it for as long as possible.

Buy aerobic exercise implements like gym mats, weights, steppers, gym balls, skipping ropes and such from e-commerce websites which offer a wide variety of brands like Nike, Adidas, Nivia, Cosco, Vector X and such. You can pay by credit or debit cards or via net banking or simply choose cash on delivery. Avail the benefits of quick shipping and easy returns only on online shopping.

14 Day Pilates Lose Weight Challenge

Even spa has no a service similar to tcm Northern Beaches have. Are you a Pilates buff, and know and understand the benefits of a tight, toned body without having a near death experience on the spinning bike? Do you also know that one Pilates session a week won’t give it to you? Welcome to the 14-day challenge, an idea developed by my husband, Steve, who is a recent NY Pilates convert.

He devised a 14 day challenge for us one morning when in passing, I commented on how great his abs looked. “It’s Pilates,” he said surprised and proud. With only two sessions a week he had gotten noticeable results in a few weeks of consistent practice. “I wonder,” he said, “what change might occur if I go to a session every day for 14 days.” Yes, I thought looking at my own abs in the mirror, admiring my Buddha belly that has become less and less pronounced with my own two regular weekly sessions.

So, without much ado the 14 day challenge was born. We worked with the talented staff of Kinected NYC Pilates studio to devise a super well-rounded, kick-ass program that was designed to target every muscle on the body and then some.

Following are lessons learned from our 14-day challenge journey:

1) There are no excuses. Most of us are on-the-go New Yorkers managing a successful career, and living a busy social life, all while trying to get enough sleep with a moment left over to breathe. Despite all of the madness, it is totally possible to make daily Pilates sessions work without too much effort.

2) It’s all about priorities – if you truly believe in something and want to achieve a noticeable result, it’s all about making time for it – which connects to the 1st lesson learned).

3) Progress isn’t always measured by an ever-decreasing waistline but rather overall fitness. My cardiovascular endurance went to a new level; for example, a previous 40 minute interval training on the bike or treadmill was a serious challenge – until 3/4 of the way through the 14 day challenge when I noticed I wasn’t winded after an intense 30 mins of 60 sec intervals at a speed of 5.5 – 7.0 on the treadmill at a 10 degree incline. Who knew!

4) You are what you do – the old adage “you are what you eat” goes for taking care of your body. You get back what you put in. If you don’t try something new and constantly challenge yourself, you will always get the same result. Albert Einstein once said that insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting something new! So, go ahead design your own Pilates lose weight 14 day challenge and get ready for some serious benefits. Go ahead, I dare you!

5 Power Pilates Moves to Make You a Better Athlete

Pilates reformer Northern Beaches is an amazing piece of apparatus unlike no other, which helps you to find length and space in the body while under spring tension. Eventually in the last decade, the badass prison-cell workout of a German circus performer and fighter interned in England throughout World War I obtained co-opted by football moms and college coeds. However much more lately, some of the toughest athletes in pro sports have uncovered the benefits of Pilates and added it to their training.

” It’s difficult,” claims NFL defensive back Johnson Bademosi. “I have actually been educating for football for one decade, and the first time I tried Pilates, I felt like a child– I was really battling.”

Named for its creator Joseph Pilates, who at some point brought it to the U.S., the system involves bodyweight-only workouts, generally on a piece of equipment called a reformer, which makes use of wheels that let you concentrate on series of movement as opposed to resistance. That’s one reason athletes like Bademosi find it so hard– it activates lesser-used muscle mass as well as totally hires the core.

” It’s difficult to get ready for what’s needed on the area by just raising weights,” says Bademosi. “Pilates difficulties you with truly strange motions.”

Claims Stanford University’s Nanci Conniff, that deals with pros like Bademosi, Andrew Luck, and also Jeremy Lin, “With Pilates, you’re enhancing the muscles that are closer to the bone. You’re always working in extension, to extend instead of shorten muscle mass,” which can counteract the tightening up and also stress and anxiety of sport-specific, high-impact training.

Below, some reformer relocations Conniff has customized to fit any kind of exercise room as well as athlete.

Pilates for CrossFit

Conniff suggests that CrossFitters include exercises like the Saw (read the how-to,

here) and Swimmers to their warmup, as a method of prepping for huge, explosive relocations. “These build solid muscular connections in the inherent core, and greater versatility in the hips, which helps secure the reduced back,” she says.

Swimmer: Lie facedown, arms stretched overhead, maintain legs with each other and also right. Get to via the top of your go to one of the most expansion you can manage, chin put slightly, eyes looking down. Elevate your right arm as well as left leg about 6 ″ off the ground, drifting your head and chest up off the mat. Hold this placement for 10 breaths. Alternate arms and legs.

Pilates for lifters

” These Pilates relocates develop pelvic stability for hefty lifts, and for boosted versatility as well as series of motion in the hamstrings, hips, as well as reduced back,” states Conniff.

Double leg kick: Lying facedown, bend knees to get to heels toward your butt. Arms reach behind your back, fingers laced, arm joints bent, head looked to the right (if you can not tie fingers, use a resistance band to connect the hands). On inhale, kick both heels to your butt two or three times promptly, then exhale as you stretch legs and arms out long, lifting your head as well as breast with eyes looking forward. Reduced to starting placement with head relied on the left, and repeat for 6 to 10 complete breath cycles.

Teaser: Begin with your back, head, as well as shoulders anchored to the flooring, legs lifted up to a 90 ° angle at your hips and also 90 ° again at the knees, arms increased a little, concerning chest high. Move arms expenses then back downward towards sides, simultaneously prolong boosts and also out right, raising your body up into a V-sit placement; hold for a few breaths. End up by rolling back one vertebra at a time, to starting setting. Repeat three to five times. (Make it extra difficult by lugging a conditioning ball.).

Pilates for endurance sports.

Conniff claims joggers and also cyclists and also anyone else who puts their body with repeated motions can use Pilates relocate to add core stamina and also stability, in addition to boosted mobility in their back, hips, as well as shoulders.

Single-leg kick: Lie facedown, propped up on elbow joints, legs extended long and also compressed. Lift the torso from the flooring, producing as much room in between your flesh and the flooring as feasible, maintaining the hips and thighs down. On exhale, bend your right knee to kick your heel toward your butt two times rapidly after that inhale as you stretch the leg to beginning position. Repeat 10 times each leg.

Kneeling bicycle: Kneeling on your left knee, with best leg prolonged straight out to the side, lean left, putting your left hand on the floor. Elevate your ideal leg up until your foot is simply below hip height. Exhale while turning best leg onward; inhale as you bend ideal knee, sweeping the leg back regarding feasible. Repeat 5 times, change legs.

Latest Health And Fitness Tips For People Who Workout

These are some latest fitness tips that I am going to share with you below:

Before following your fitness tips make sure your instructor undergo a Pilates instructor course.

  • Remember that once you begin working out you must stick to your workout plans for at least 2 weeks; you should try changing your workout plans after every 14 days. This keeps you interested and makes you learn more about the latest workout tips.
  • It’s really important to eat breakfast but it is more important that you eat at least 10-15 grams of protein and 20-30 carbohydrates just within 30 minutes of your workout routine, this post exercise nutrition makes you healthy and strong so don’t miss it. It is also important to eat your meals at the right time.
  • When you’re at the gym or by yourself working out you should make sure to play music that suits your vibe, it should be something which could motivate you to exercise and increase your reps.
  • I know it’s not easy for ladies to do pull ups but you should know that you can hang on and hold till you can that helps you gain strength in your upper body.
  • Meditation is something that helps you in all your complicated situations, I’m not saying you should meditate whenever you’re free but once in the morning and once in the evening makes you get rid of all the negativity and helps you focus on all the good things around you. It calms down your nerves.
  • Like i always say and will always say, water is the solution to most problems, you must stay hydrated also to remain healthy and fit.
  • Before exercising you need to keep in mind the latest health and fitness tips, i.e, you need to make sure you are in your comfort zones, find yourself a good and supportive partner for exercising and also a pair of comfy shoes, because if you’re not in your comfort zone it makes you irritated and cranky which spoils your mood and wont help the workout have any positive effect on your body, rather it makes you dull.
  • You can picture yourself with the way you want to look like and with that thought you should start your workout, it will make you feel motivated and focused.

Did You Know That Junk Food is Not The Only Reason For Obesity in Kids?

The bacteria in your gut make up a very important ecosystem so you need to gut health diet to balance it. Yes! Junk food and high-calorie food have been among the prime causes of Obesity, but a new study presented another key reason behind obesity in kids.

According to a new study published in Obesity Reviews, gut microbe and its interactions with the metabolic organs and immune cells, along with fat tissue is found to play a significant role in childhood obesity.

At Wake Forest Baptist Health, scientists and experts studied the connection between childhood obesity and gut bacteria. The aim of the study was to know whether any early decisions can impact the health of the child. The authors reported that they wish to encourage upcoming research and guide physicians, parents, and healthcare agencies to decrease the onset of obesity.

You will be more surprised to know that it is not only the gut, but the mother’s diet, antibiotic use, health, and exercise level also can pose a risk factor in a kid getting overweight.

For years, the medical community was under the impression that consuming excess calories causes obesity. However, there have been numerous studies conducted to actually confirm the cause. Eventually, they confirmed that gut microbes are not only associated with childhood obesity but also are one of the cause.

Each year, obesity is increasing at a rate of 2.3% among school-aged kids. This number is unacceptably high and is a worrisome situation for the upcoming generation’s health, the study added.

Moreover, the researchers also reviewed the existing studies that include knowing the mechanism through which the gut microbes or immune cells can be passed from mother to the baby during gestation and eventually cause the child to get overweight.

The effect of the mother’s health on infants

The review, further, discussed the effect of the mother’s diet, health, exercise level, birth method (cesarean or natural), antibiotic use, and the method of feeding (breast milk or formula) on the child.

The findings were as follows:

Birth Method: Infants born through cesarean show higher incidences of obesity as compared to infants born naturally.

Feeding Method: Formula-fed babies tend to harbor different gut microbes. This eventually increases the incidences of obesity in children. This is not the case for babies who are breastfed. Breast milk contains oligosaccharides that promote healthy gut bacteria.

Use of antibiotics: The diversity of gut bacteria significantly decreases with the use of antibiotics. Infants receive partial bacteria when mothers are taking antibiotics during pregnancy. This leads to obesity.

Mother’s weight: The gut bacteria are less in infants with mothers dealing with obesity and diabetes.

The compilation of existing research can prove very useful to the nutritionists, doctors, and dieticians when discussing the condition with their patients. This communication can change many things if patients have good knowledge.

The research lastly opined that such a better understanding of the relation of the obesity and gut microbe in both children and the mothers will help scientists to design more therapeutic and preventive strategies to keep a close eye on the increase of childhood obesity.

In this case, we recommend to undergo weight loss surgery which can significantly improve the gut health in adults and children too.

Selecting a Caterer for Your Event

Whether it is a clarified wedding reception, informal or official company party, or a tiny client gratitude reception, intending the food selection for your occasion is very vital. Corporate Catering Sydney assures the safety of food preparation before the event.

When it involves things that can make or break an occasion, couple of points are very important to think about– quality, taste and service of food and also beverages you offer.

Finding the ideal catering service for your function is an essential element in your occasion planning process. Picking specific caterer is not that simple. You require to undergo different decision making procedure prior to working with the one. Sadly, there is no standardized grading system for event caterers as well as any person can start their very own food catering organisation. An educated and also experience catering service can make your life a great deal simpler, so it needs little bit time to discover best catering business on which you can rely and also trust totally.

It is not simply the food and also drinks that the caterer will certainly make impression with. Products like linens, glassware, silverware as well as various other catering equipment are all aspects require factor to consider while choosing your caterer.

Here are some variables to take into consideration prior to employing professional food catering solutions

Budget

Before you begin searching for caterer, specify your budget. The event caterer you select is also a substantial budgetary decision and also can affect how much cash you have actually left over to spend on various other areas depending upon food prices as well as quantities. Add in the reality that catering services can vary considerably in their rates as well as the kinds of meals as well as services they use. We have a saying, “you obtain what you spend for”; so taking the cheapest alternative might not offer the best outcome.

Good food caterers will offer an itemized quotation that includes every little thing you need to make certain smooth running of occasion.

Do your research study

Pay attention to word of mouth referrals. No quantity of marketing can change an excellent recommendation from somebody you recognize and also trust. Contact the management at your events location, and also inquire to recommend caterers they have worked earlier. Arrange a sampling. Catering services who supply food for huge events ought to provide to give you with a tasting in order to gain your company for a large agreement.

Know your alternatives

Not every event caterer is excellent for every type of event. Catering services differ not just in rate yet in solutions and alternatives they provide. Good food should be matched with great service. See to it the event caterer you pick has actually the staff called for to completely service your occasion. The amount of staff you require will depend upon the size as well as nature of your occasion, so discuss your plans with the head of accommodating ensure that your demands can be met.

Responsiveness as well as Versatility to Your Requirements

Just how responsive and also interested a catering service is throughout your initial conversation. How versatile is your event caterer in offering private demands? Have they made an initiative to comprehend the needs of your guests? Can a menu be customized to your tastes as well as budget plan? If you will be having youngsters at your event or for special diets, ask if the caterer has allowances for these specific demands.

That lags the food?

Remarkably, how long a providing business remains in business is not as vital as that is behind the food. The cook’s background and experience can be more vital than the proprietor of the business. The skills, experiences and interests of the cooks behind the scenes will ultimately be reviewed the plate. Fresh is constantly best as well as they are billing you as though it were made fresh. Insist on just utilizing a catering service that uses fresh food, not frozen.

Insurance and also licensing

Make certain to check if your event caterer holds present insurance policy, wellness department as well as liquor licensing accreditation. These are necessary requirements for a wedding catering service and also without them your event may wind up costing a whole lot more than your expectancy.

With the sufficient knowledge for the above aspects and appropriate preparation, discovering the very best food caterer for your event does not require to be a challenge. Remember success of the event depends upon your option of suppliers, and the event caterer you hire will certainly be representing you at the occasion. So take your time, as well as select carefully.

Skin Tightening Better Than the Best Solutions

Basically skin tightening is working for anyone at any age can benefit from a treatment. Tummy tuck operations or the face life surgeries that were performed in the yester years are not ideal now. You do not need a surgery for nothing at all. So, how to counter it then? Here is the best chance for you to deal with the problem. Skin Tightening through rejuvenation technology is the latest talk of the town. You do not need wraps or laser treatment to get your skin tightened in the essential areas that you want to do so. Cryotherapy Melbourne is the use of extremely cold temperatures, for a short period of time, to assist in the treatment of ailments and injuries.

You do not have to spend so much money as well. SSR Super skin rejuvenation technology can be of best assistance for you to get back to your youthful countenance once again. Remember those days in schools and colleges when you looked thin and appealing to impress countless number of people out there. You can get back to those original days once again just in no time with the best effective treatment that is offered by the premium player in the industry as of now. Get ready now to face the challenges with best agility and smartness. Aging is for all of us. None of us can be able to escape it for real. Yet, how many models and celebrities that we see in the television in movies are able to counter aging in an inspiring way.

How many icons and leaders do take care of their youthful looks and countenance in spite of their hectic schedules of public life. We can do it too. We can do it with no big expenditure now. In fact, there is no need for any complicated surgeries as you may fret about. There is no need for any big amount of money to be spent on the endeavor. There is no need to bother about any side effects.

You can be completely safe and you can be doing your professional and business routines as you please to do so without any limitations. If you can find a miraculous remedy of such a kind the you are to be delighted once for all in your life, don’t it? Yes, we are here to suggest you one such best remedy for you that can change your looks once for all. You would not feel shy again to see the neighboring pretty ones again. No one calls you an uncle or aunt anymore for your looks are to turn out so young just after the Skin Tightening treatment that is totally an organic method of approach for a holistic cure.

SSR Super skin rejuvenation technology is meant for all. There are no limitations or barriers for anyone to resort to some wonderful therapy like this one here. You can feel free to call us at Kendallcosmetics.com.au Sydney for free consultation or for an appointment right now, to get your bookings done in advance ahead of your visit, here.

Search Engine Optimization: Helpful Hints You Can’t Go On Without

As the Internet grows, it could cause more difficulty in getting traffic to your website so I decide to get a freelance SEO consultant Sydney. The steps listed in this article will help you have a leg up on your competition. Excellent content will do you little good without an audience. Here are a few ways you can raise awareness of your site. It is the process of getting traffic from the natural and organic search results on search engines to your site.

Make sure you know how experienced they are. In order to make a thoroughly researched and informed decision, you need to be aware of the potential risks involved in your choice.

Your domain name should be both relevant to the product you’re selling and easy to remember. This is very useful for the people who discover you through YouTube because it is easy to remember.

There are a few things that you can do to optimize your search engine results. A well-written description tag will benefit your site, as it is included on many search engines to tell readers what your site is about, enticing them to click through. Keep your meta tag short and to the point. The better the quality and effectiveness of your description tags, the more likely people are to actually visit your site, even when your competition ranks higher than you on your keyword’s search engine results page.

Listing with a product feed service can make your business more visible online and bring in new customers. The feeds will actually list different details about services and products, like images, as well as prices and descriptions. Make submissions to shopping comparison sites and all of the major search engines. Feed readers will also allow your customers to subscribe to the feed themselves.

You should sell yourself to others as a specialist in your field. This is a great Internet tool. Focus your products and services on a very specific segment of the market, then utilize search engine optimization so that those buyers will be able to find your site on the internet. It’s essential that, through it all, you are giving your clientele exactly what they want, instead of your best guess on their desires.

Taking the time to proofread a website’s content is an important task that many webmasters fail to do. It is crucial that your website is easy to read for both search engines and customers. When you have mistakes in your content, search engines will skip over you.

You will not have to use image links if you are using SEO correctly. Image links don’t have any anchor text, which means all a search engine has to work with is the link’s URL.

It should go without saying that original content beats out copied content in the SEO wars. One way to drive traffic is to offer content and information that is unique and exclusive to your site. You are going to have repeat readers if you engage them with original and well written content.

One vital tip in regards to SEO is to include current topics or events that you can and tying it to your service or product. These current events can be used to draw visitors to your site. This can also make your site give more information to the people that visit often.

When working on your site’s SEO, remember to consider your human readers first. Many people only use content that search engines read without considering their visitors. Your site should be easy to read over. If you ignore your visitors, your site has no chance to compete.

When looking to optimize your website, it is a good idea to consider using the services of a company whose primary business is SEO. You will have a better chance of being a high ranking website if you do this. Various companies provide excellent deals for this kind of service.

Use search engines to drive customers to your site. Make your site spider friendly, and it will get excellent search engine results. You need to tag all images on your webpage, a search engine only looks for text. Always make sure that your description is rich in keywords.

Don’t ever publish an article more than once on your site. If you do, Google may think your cheating the system. Your page rank will suffer significantly if you implement this.

Marketing through email will be a large part of website promotion, so know how to do things with it. Your email texts still need to incorporate SEO keywords as well as bookmarking and social media tools. Using an email format that is easy for people to forward to their contacts is a great idea.

A great way to get links for your website is to leave comments on blogs with relevant topics. If you leave quality comments on their blog, most blog owners will allow you to leave your link in the comment. You should not leave your link on blogs that have nothing to do with the content of your site, and the comments you leave should add something of value to the other site. Understanding the subject will allow you to comment knowledgeably on other blogs and include your link.

If you want to get your site to rank higher in searches, then post a good volume of content on it, all related to your site’s niche focus. If the blog is about hockey, discuss hockey player cards, team jerseys and equipment. If you offer a broad range of articles, you can increase the chances of achieving a high search engine ranking.

You need to design your website so that you can differentiate it from all of your competitors. This article will give you some great ways to help your website become more popular. Set aside time in your schedule to learn about and implement these SEO strategies.

A Brief Timeline of Yoga

Pilates teacher training Sydney undergo number of hours of courses before they became a professional. As we know, yoga is enjoying an immense renaissance across the world – we know about Bikram’s Hot Yoga, Lotus Pose, general physical pretzelling and oh so much about where to buy yoga clothes, yoga mats, even yoga gear for our pets! However, the history of yoga is rich and long standing and deserves some mention. So without further ado, let us begin near the beginning.

Between 200BC and 300AD an Indian philosopher known as Patanjali gave the world the Yoga Sutras – a series of aphorisms that set out the practice of the eight limbs of classical yoga. Though we know very little about the sage himself, Patanjali’s great work is considered the cornerstone of the knowledge of yoga practice, from asana practice to the deeper internal journey of meditation and self- realization. The work is set out into four chapters known as The Samadhi Pada, the Sadhana Pada, the Vibhuti Pada and the Kaivayla Pada. Yoga means union, sutra is the Sanskrit word for thread, and pada is the Sanksrit word for book. These 196 short phrases remain the foremost body of work on the philosophy of yoga. From the commentary and analysis of yogis, sages, translators and philosophers over waves upon waves of time we have accumulated the wisdom of yoga as it is practiced today – a combination of asanas, meditation and body/spirit care that has proven to be of timeless benefit to all who engage in this practice.

Hatha Yoga

This is the style most familiar to most of us. Hatha Yoga is also known as the forceful yoga; the name Hatha comes from a combination of two Sanskrit words Ha (sun) and Tha (moon). The western practice of Hatha Yoga focuses mostly on the asana practice, which is designed to keep the body flexible and to cool the mind in preparation for meditation. This form of yoga also aids in creating a harmony between our dual natures (masculine/feminine, hot/cold, will/surrender) and brings us closer to a deeper practice of yoga.

Bhakti Yoga

Bhakti yoga is the yoga of devotion and chanting. Predating Hatha yoga, Bhakti yoga is approx. 4000 years old making it one of the oldest forms of yoga in the world! North Americans most commonly come to yoga as a form of exercise, whereas Indian culture approaches asana practice as a way to calm the mind before meditation and worship. Kirtan is the practice of singing the name of God in all his/her divine aspects; translated from Sanskrit it means ‘I surrender to the Lord’. Traditionally, kirtan is performed in a call and response style. The kirtan leader sings a line or verse of a mantra or prayer, and the kirtan group responds as accurately as possible. Kirtan is a community, a dialogue between the call leader, the kirtan group and the energy of the Divine. In the eight limb system of classical yoga, kirtan is considered to be pratyahara (focusing the mind inward) and is a bridge between our inner and outer selves. Bhakti yoga is the divine melody and rhythm of the human spirit, expressed in chanting and song.

Karma Yoga

Karma yoga is selfless service to others. This yoga asks that the yogi make his/her actions in this world expressions of devotion and offerings to God, without considering personal gain. If you do community work, volunteer work, or just do something very nice for someone for no reason at all, you are performing acts of karma yoga. Gandhi’s years of selfless service to South Africa and India are famous examples of the work of Karma yoga.

Dream Yoga

Dream yoga is about listening attentively to what your dreams are telling you. This knowledge is used to better your waking life by helping you pay more attention to your daily realities, dreamed or shared.

Jnana Yoga

Jnana yoga is the study of the philosophy of yoga; Jnana is the Sanskrit word for knowledge . The practice of this yoga involves deep meditation practice, study of the self, the True Self and the Transcendental Self. The yogi is challenged to examine the real and the illusory. In order to do so the yogi must use his/her mind to retrain the mind to separate the real from the unreal and thus discover and liberate the True Self. Jnana yoga uses meditation, introspection and contemplation techniques to attain wisdom and enlightenment.

Mantra Yoga

This is primarily the yoga of sound. The word mantra comes from a combination of the Sanskrit words man ‘to think’ and tra ‘instrumentality’ . Mantra is intention expressed as sound, unlike Bhakti yoga , which is strictly the yoga of song and chanting; for instance when you chant ‘OM’ you are combining mantra yoga and bhakti yoga. Mantras have been chanted for thousands of years (some continuously for thousands of years!) to guide the mind into meditation and to establish an intention to create states of consciousness or ask for divine guidance.

Raja Yoga

Raj is the Sanskrit word for king and Raja yoga is known as the Royal Yoga because it brings out the king/queen in all of us; the noble inner self that is so infrequently acknowledged in our every day lives. Raja yoga provides an opportunity to focus on the quality of our daily thoughts and deeds, being careful to reveal the goodness that the workings of the mind often conceal or disregard. Most closely associated with the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, it is most commonly expressed in the eight limbs of Classical Yoga.

Namaste (the Divine in Me Honours the Divine in You)

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